Kidney Stones in Bladder – What to Do
Our urinary tract system is a body of organs namely, the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and a large number of muscles. These organs function as a filtering system. Now, our body derives its energy from breaking down food items consumed. After using up the required food components, the unwanted materials are eliminated in the blood and bowels as waste products. The kidneys remove these waste products from blood and secrete it in the form of urine for final elimination out of the body.
Ninety percent of the urine produced should contain water while the rest will comprise of solutes like complex proteins, pigments, minerals, and salts. The sufficient amount of water in urine will assist in dissolving these substances before getting expelled out of the body. In a situation where the kidney is unable to filter out enough water from the body systems, due to poor water intake and loss of fluids through sweating, then the urine produced by the kidneys will contain more of these crystal forming substances. These may remain in the kidneys to form tiny crystals and later move down into the urinary bladder to further develop into solid masses.
The bladder is a sac made up of membranes and muscles that acts as a temporary storage unit for the urine. When the concentration levels of urine remain high on a constant basis, then the urine volume within the bladder will remain low. The urge to urinate arises when the bladder is full, and because of the low urine output, whatever little is produced will sit in the bladder for a long period of time. This will provide ample time for the tiny crystals to cluster together and develop into solid bladder stones.
These stones are easy to be eliminated out of the body when the urine volume is in greater quantities. Production of urine can be enhanced by drinking plenty of water. The recommended amount ranges anywhere between 1.5 to 2 liters of water in a day so as to be able to produce approximately two liters of urine in a 24-hour period. When the body is supplied with sufficient water, more urine is secreted thereby flushing the system at frequent intervals. This is vital to remove tiny crystals from the system as well as prevent any more stone formations.
Stones produced from high uric acid levels can be dissolved and eliminated by alkalinizing the urine. Acidic levels in urine increase when urine volume is low. Thus, along with sufficient intake of water, a course of diuretic medications will double the production of urine.
Administration of alpha blockers will also be of assistance. Alpha blockers work by causing certain muscles situated in the urinary tract to become less rigid. Relaxed urethral muscles will aid in increased urine volume to flow through during its way out. This is especially helpful to dislodge and eliminate stones stuck in the urethral canal.
If none of these help in eliminating the bladder stones, then crushing these using shock waves or laser will need to be carried out. A cystoscope will be inserted into the bladder via the urethra from which shock waves or laser will be aimed upon the stones, separating them into tiny pieces. These will then be expelled out of the body in a spontaneous manner after a waiting period of anywhere between one week to a month.