How to Dissolve Uric Acid Kidney Stones

Ways to Dissolve Uric Acid Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are of different types, totally unlike in compositions and forms.  Uric acid kidney stone is, as the name suggests, a result of gradual build up of uric acids in urine.  Uric acid is a nitrogenous waste material present in human urine in minimal quantities.  However, its amounts can increase in certain conditions to eventually encourage stone formation.

uric_acid kidney stones

Uric acid is normally released into the urinary tract after break down of food material present in the intestine.  The acids are flushed out of the system by way of urine.  But when the uric acid levels remain high caused by inadequate production of urine due to poor water intake, or because of a medical condition requiring long-term use of prescription meds that acidifies urine, or due to genetic factors; then, they crystallize to form stones.

When urine produced is always acidic in nature, it may also be due to the body’s inability to fully metabolize purines, a crystalline base that the uric-acid group compounds arise from.  This is because several products resulting from purine metabolism are to a relative degree insoluble.  It is this insoluble crystal forming products that brings about stone development, especially so when the urine pH is really low.


The first step to be taken to help control uric acid stone formation is to encourage alkaline urine production.  Diluting urine by increasing urine volume will also aid in flushing out the existing stones from the urinary tract system.  Oral administration of potassium citrate would be the ideal choice to increase urine alkalinity.  Potassium citrate medications work by getting rid of the uric acid to make the urine less acidic.  The dosage will range anywhere between 30 to 80 mEq/day.  However, in a situation where the alkalinity needs to be maintained constantly, then 30-60 mEq three to four times in a day will need to be administered.  Consume plenty of water after this oral intake and test urine pH levels at frequent intervals to determine the correct dosage.

In a situation where there is overproduction of uric acid leading to uric acid accumulation and crystallization, the drug allopurinol may be used.  This drug decreases the production of uric acid in the body and prevents stone formation.  Start at a lower dose increasing gradually and stopping at a dose that enables to reduce uric acid levels in urine to a desirable range.  The pill should be popped in immediately after a meal is consumed.

Sodium bicarbonate oral pills will assist in reducing urine acidity levels.  The dosage will vary from individual to individual depending largely on the severity of the condition and how the body responds to the drug.  Usually, it should be taken at every four-hour intervals on a regular basis until the urine condition is brought under control.

An active ingredient in baking soda that is stored and used in almost every home is sodium bicarbonate.  Already formed uric acid stones can be successfully dissolved by drinking baking soda diluted in water.  To one glass of water add in half a teaspoon of baking soda and mix well.  Drink this at every two-hour interval to normalize the urine pH balance.