How to Treat & Cure Multiple Kidney Stones
Kidney stone is a solid mass made up of several tiny mineral crystals. When the human urine contains certain mineral salts in high amounts, over time, in less dilute urine, these can begin shaping into crystals. One can form only a single stone or have many of them occurring at the same time. This is a common kidney problem, affecting the male population more than female. A surprising fact is that this is prevalent among the young adults.
A strong painkiller is generally needed to control the pain experienced as the stone passes. Drinking huge amounts of water is advised to assist the body in expelling the stones out. This will not happen overnight; instead, it may take a couple of days, a week, or even more for the whole lot of stones to get eliminated from the body naturally. However, expecting all the stones to pass out on their own may not always work for individuals alike. A few stones are more willing to sit in the kidneys and grow in size, complicating matters even further.
Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a noninvasive method primarily employed to resolve cases associated with multiple kidney stones. With the modern shockwave lithotripsy devices available, a light sedation is sufficient before going ahead with the procedure. High energy sound waves are directed to the kidney from the side of the patient, which enables to crush the stones into small pieces. The stone fragments are then allowed to get expelled out through the normal urinary channel. This is an outpatient procedure with the time requirement of approximately 45 minutes. The patient may notice some amount of blood along with urine discharge.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is performed when the size of the stones are big enough to cause great discomfort to the individual, or in those who would prefer to experience immediate relief. Through a small puncture wound made in the patient’s back, a flexible nephroscope is inserted. The pathway from the skin to the kidneys is enlarged using dilators. The scope will contain a fiberoptic camera to view the insides of the system, as well an additional channel, which is used to wash out the interiors. Through the hollow scope then, a guidewire attached with a basket is passed that grasps and removes the stones. Larger stones will need to be broken down first before removing with the basket.
Ureteroscopic stone removal is a procedure done to eliminate stones stuck in the ureters. A flexible ureteroscope attached with a basket is inserted through the patient’s urethra, taken up through the urinary bladder to the point where the stones are located in the ureters. Once the stones are clearly visible on the x-ray machine, they are grasped with the basket and removed. Again, here, large stones will require to be broken down, and this is done with a holmium laser device. Following this, ureteral stents may be placed allowing the fragmented pieces to move out through the urinary tract in the normal manner, which will take a couple of days’ time.
Open kidney surgery to remove stones is a rare occurrence, but may be needed if the presence of stones is considered fatal to the patient’s life, and need to be removed stat.