How to Dissolve & Pass Multiple Kidney Stones
Kidney stone is also referred to as renal calculus, if it is singular and calculi, for more than one. Human urine is a waste material secreted by the kidneys and normally contains mineral and salt matters. Urine when produced under normal conditions, it should be of a clear amber color and slightly acidic in nature. A dark yellow colored urine production usually means it is highly concentrated and this occurs because of improper fluid intake. Human body requires a constant supply of sufficient water to go about with the normal functions in a smooth manner. Less of fluids only cause dehydration and decreased urine production. This decrease means only a decrease in water content, but the usual end products of metabolism and salts will remain rich. Thus, with more of crystal-forming substances readily available, kidney stones get formed.
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Normally, individuals develop a single stone at a given time, though it may be small or big in size. In rare cases, though, a handful of kidney stone sufferers have been diagnosed with multiple stones at one time. The types of stone formed, namely cystine, struvite, uric acid, and calcium are different from one another, thus making it vital that the stone type be determined initially for a proper treatment plan to be set in place. Because of the appearance of multiple stones at the same time, this warrants immediate remedial measures to prevent any further kidney complications.
Drug therapy will help in preventing any further occurrences of kidney stones, but there is very little information available about their proven abilities to dissolve already formed stones. Uric acid stones may dissolve by alkalinizing the urine. Thiazide group of medicines are active diuretics that increase urine volume and pH levels. These medicines should be taken along with oral potassium citrate supplements for they cause potassium loss.
Non-invasive procedures should be attempted at to get rid of multiple stones lodged in the urinary tract. Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy is one such procedure that effectively breaks down kidney stones into smaller pieces for easy elimination. In this procedure, high energy shock waves are generated outside the individual’s body using a lithotripter machine. The person is laid down on a table positioned directly below the machine, and shock waves are passed through the body, aiming the waves on to the stones which become fragmented into tiny pieces. The individual is then recommended to wait for the stones to pass out spontaneously which may take a couple of day’s time. This technique works well for any kidney stone type, but may require several attempts when multiple stones are involved.
Another medical procedure normally employed to get rid of kidney stones is the ureteropyeloscopy and laser lithotripsy. This is usually performed when stones are large enough to block ureteral flow of urine, which mean the stones are lodged in the ureters causing urinary obstruction. A small flexible scope is introduced into the ureters via the urethra and bladder. Then under direct visualization, a laser fiber is used to blast the stone into smaller pieces. This is followed by leaving ureteral stents in place for a certain period of time to help the stones pass spontaneously.
Also Read > Multiple Kidney Stones Treatment Methods