Potassium Citrate For Kidney Stones
Consuming food products on a regular basis that is composed of more stone-forming substances increases the person’s chances of producing kidney stones. The risk increases two fold when the individual ceases to take in the required amounts of fluids that prevent the urine produced from getting highly concentrated. Filtered waste products from the blood by the kidneys are added in the urine formed that contain also some amounts of minerals. These minerals dissolve easily in urine when it is more basic. But when urine is more in the concentrated form, minerals are incapable of dissolving completely and when left to stagnate in urine for a longer period of time, they begin to crystallize leading to kidney stone formation.
Kidney stones can be of various types and though they are composed of different minerals, the symptoms caused are similar in all cases. Pain around the lower abdominal area or lower back, pain while urinating, change in urine color or blood tinged urine are the general signs and symptoms of kidney stones. Some forms of kidney stones are encouraged to be produced during an infection in the urinary tract; in such cases, fevers and chills may also be noticed. When the urinary obstruction due to stones is severe, the individual will also experience nausea and vomiting due to the distended kidney, placing more pressure around its surrounding organs and structures.
Functions of Potassium Citrate
As stated earlier, kidney stones are composed of different minerals and certain types have an increased chance of development in acidified urine. It is vital for the person to consume enough water to normalize acid levels in blood and other body fluids including urine. Likewise, the citrate salt of potassium has the quality to decrease acidic levels in the human body. Since it prevents urine from becoming highly acidic, it discourages the formation of those types of kidney stones that are normally produced in acidic urine. Another natural function of potassium citrate is to bind itself to free calcium found suspended in urine thereby restricting its chances of crystallization.
Individuals who experience recurrent urinary tract infections or other medical conditions that inhibits proper excretion of acid into urine, who have already passed kidney stones earlier in life, or are undergoing chemotherapy may require potassium citrate supplements to discourage kidney stone formation. This is available in powder as well as in a tablet form and should be taken within 30 minutes after having a meal. It is also recommended that the person refrain from lying down for approximately half an hour after consuming the supplement. Like any prescription medications, long-term use of this supplement can cause side effects. To avoid this, one can get potassium citrate naturally from food sources.
Potassium Citrate diet
Potassium citrate levels can be increased in body fluids by consuming fruits and vegetables that have increased amounts of potassium. Citrus fruits like lemons, oranges, grapefruits and other fruits like bananas, prunes and apricots are high in potassium and citric acid. Green leafy vegetables like broccoli, lettuce, collard greens, artichoke, and tomatoes and potatoes are high in potassium. It is also available naturally in seafood and poultry. Yogurt is another good source of potassium citrate. These food products should be included in the person’s daily diet for better results.