Small Kidney Stones – Symptoms
A kidney stone is made up of elements normally found in human urine. They are generally small, solid, and rock like substances that have a tendency to pass out of the body in a spontaneous manner. One may wonder how a kidney stone gets formed in the first place. Most urologists consider there is a strong link between inadequate water intake and kidney stone formation. This may be true in the case of uric acid stones.
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Urine acidity levels increase when fluid intake is low. One should be aware of the fact that urine is composed of mainly water and minimal ingredients of mineral elements that do tend to crystallize easily in the absence of sufficient solvents. Uric acid is one among the other crystal forming substances found in urine, with the rest being calcium, phosphates, oxalates, and cystine. Stones formed from other minerals may be influenced by certain disease conditions or medication use that increases their presence in urine, for example, calcium supplements to treat osteoporosis will increase calcium urinary excretion leading to the development of calcium stones.
Now, stones small in size are capable of moving out of the body along with urine causing no symptoms. The person will remain oblivious to the fact that their body is producing and expelling kidney stones. But not all small stones will succeed in being expelled out asymptomatically. Even though they are considered to be small, some may not have a smooth contour. Rugged, uneven surfaced stones have an increased possibility of getting stuck in any of the narrow tubes situated in the urinary tract.
The ducts that carry urine away from the kidneys and deposit them into the urinary bladder are of a slender width. This inadequate room for stone movement can make its progress through the system a rather difficult and painful one. So what may be considered as a small stone are still sufficiently large enough to get caught in these tubes, called the ureters. The blockage will subsequently hinder urine flow creating sudden and violent spasms of the musculature situated within in an attempt to dislodge the stone. This spasmodic action will generate extreme pain sensations, which is the foremost symptom of kidney stone.
If the stone do manage to get stuck in the ureters, severe pain on either side of the trunk area, between the ribs and the hips will be observed. Intense pain around the lower back may also be felt that will not be relieved with adequate rest. In most sufferers the intensity of the pain may be such that it brings about the sensation of nausea or even cause the person to vomit. When urine gets obstructed around the urethral opening, pain during urination will be perceived, causing a weak urine stream. Because of this, the urge to urinate occurs within short intervals.
With less urine leak and more urine accumulation within, it will only encourage the growth of microorganisms in the urine causing infections to originate from the system. If an infection does manage to establish itself, then high body temperatures along with shivers may occur.
In few instances, the sharp edges of some stones can injure the urinary tract walls and cause small units of blood to ooze out. Blood in urine will be visible when this happens.