Signs & Symptoms of Uric Acid Kidney Stones
Uric acid is the main nitrogenous waste component present in human urine. It is formed after the breakdown of food particles during the digestion process. Normally, uric acid is eliminated out of the body while discharging urine, and when the body is unable to perform this in its entirety, uric acid kidney stones begin to develop. Purine is the main ingredient of uric acid and when a body is unable to metabolize this crystalline base of uric acids, it is when urine’s acid level increases.
However, instances of excess uric acid levels in urine is also noted in those whose body functions are normal; which means their body is able to metabolize purines in a normal manner. This excess occurs when they fail to meet their body’s daily requirement of water resulting in low urine production. When the urine volume is low, urine acidity levels become more which in turn encourages the formation and further growth of uric acid kidney stones.
In a typical manner, kidney stones formed are very minute making its passage out of the system less known to the sufferer. People suffering from gout problems usually will also have to endure uric acid stones. Gout is a metabolic disease condition where deposits of urates are noted in joint tissues causing painful inflammation of the joints. An increase of urates in the bloodstream will also be observed which ultimately results in more than usual quantities of urates in urine.
When the stones begin to grow rapidly, their large size makes movement within the urinary tract an entirely painful process. Depending on the position of these stones, the area of pain differs. As and when the stones move out of the kidneys and try to maneuver through the ureters, a painful cramping sensation will be noted around the sides and back regions. Once they enter the urinary bladder, the pain will diminish or may even not be felt; but as they try passing through the urethra to the outlet opening, again pain will be observed around the lower groin areas.
Due to extreme degrees of pain, the individual will begin to lose appetite and refrain from proper intake of food and fluids which only makes the situation even more serious. If by chance the stone gets stuck in the narrow ducts or canals present in the urinary tract, then this will hamper proper flow of urine. Urinary obstruction will result in pooling of urine encouraging further crystal formation of uric acids, slowly multiplying the number of formed crystals. When the bladder is filled to its capacity and unable to empty in totality due to obstructed urine flow, this in turn will cause a bloating sensation and even nauseousness. This coupled with frequent bouts of excruciating pain can make the individual throw up the stomach contents and make the body weak.
At this stage when a physician is approached, they normally suggest to drink plenty of water to help flush the kidney out of the system. A moderate sized stone though may successfully be expelled out of the urinary tract in this manner, it may cause some damage to the lining of the urinary tract walls, leading to the discharge of blood-tinged urine for several days.