What Causes Chronic Kidney Stones

Chronic Kidney Stones – Causes

Any disease condition that lasts for three months or more is termed medically as a chronic disease.  Chronic kidney diseases are of various types and whatever form may it be, it eventually slows down the kidney functions, and may even go up to the extent of causing kidney failure.  The main functions of the kidneys are to remove waste and excess water from within the body, vital to maintain good health for a lifetime, since toxins and a water imbalance will only promote various disease conditions.

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One such chronic disease affecting the kidneys is kidney stones.  The stone formation occurs when tiny crystals of mineral salts adhere together to shape into a solid mass.  The main reason behind such formations to take place is because of too much of certain mineral elements present in urine.  The biggest risk factor for developing frequent kidney stones is not drinking enough water.  Excess water is separated from blood and used to produce urine.  Hence, normal urine will contain more of water molecules and minimal amounts of mineral matters which get dissolved in the available water.  In a scenario where the individual fails to drink sufficient amounts of water, urine produced will remain highly concentrated and supersaturated with mineral salts.  When such an environment is created, it becomes ideal for mineral crystallization and stone formation to commence in the kidneys.


Any gastrointestinal disorders occurring that causes the calcium levels in urine to rise is another contributing factor for a person to perceive chronic kidney stones.  Intestinal diseases that influence increased intestinal calcium absorption will eventually lead to high urinary calcium counts, and in the absence of inhibiting substances that coat the crystals and prevent them from sticking together, stones begin to form.  Increased intestinal vitamin D receptor is the main cause for hyper-absorption of calcium by the intestines.  With this constant high calcium count in urine it will lead to the development of recurrent calcium based kidney stones.

A genetic disorder that affects the conveyance of a particular amino acid called cystine, results in increased cystine levels in urine.  Of all naturally occurring amino acids, this specific type is less soluble and tends to precipitate easily and form recurrent cystine kidney stones.  Cystine stones will be very dense and trying to break them up or dissolve them will be a hard task to accomplish successfully.

Individuals prone to developing recurrent urinary tract infections will notice the occurrence of frequent ‘infection’ stones.  When the body’s mechanism of removing bacteria from within becomes dysfunctional, urinary tract infections becomes a common scenario for that particular individual.  Also, women who use intrauterine device to prevent effective conception will notice a rise in infection episodes after intercourse.  Urinary tract infection will cause urinary obstruction and retention.  Urine stored for an extended length of time will influence chronic kidney stones.

Increased daily sodium consumption will bring about the chronic kidney stone condition.  Sodium is a component of the common salt that we consume.  As sodium gets excreted by the kidneys it cause more calcium salts to be released into the urine, increasing the risk of developing frequent kidney stone formation.

Non-vegetarians who consume meat on a regular basis are prone to developing chronic uric acid stones.  Meat products are high in animal protein that breaks down into uric acids, increasing their count in urine.Read More on Diet .